In calculating GPA, a student should be able to calculate the kind of work needed to earn a high grade. This is because in the duration of the semester or school term, students are awarded grades by their instructors based on the overall academic performance in all of their enrolled subjects or classes. The cumulative grade is called the Grade Point Average.

The GPA is an internationally standardized performance measurement of how well a student has done in his school or college exams. Academic institutions follow a system of calculating GPA that normally has a range starting from 0.0 to 4.0, increasing by 0.5. As a general rule, GPA above 3.0 or 3.5 is considered to be high or above average, whereas a GPA below 2.0 is considered low or below average.

In calculating GPA, the average of a student’s grades for one semester is usually considered. On the other hand, in calculating cumulative GPA, an average of grades that a student has achieved in all semesters and courses is taken into account.

A system of GPA for calculating academic performance is normally adopted by countries that utilize the American educational system. Alternatively, in all the countries that follow the British educational system, a student’s performance is evaluated using a percentage system that is based on marks instead of grades symbolized by alphabets such as A, B, C.

The first step in calculating GPA on a 4.0 scale is to note down the grade scores for each one of the courses you opted for. Then, you need to refer to the grading chart provided by your school or institution and take note of the corresponding grade point values for each of the grades you scored. Add up all the grade points and divide the total, by the number of courses. The outcome will be your grade point average.

Below is an example:

Suppose a student has opted for five courses in his first year at graduate school. The grades he scored, for instance, are the following: A, B, A, C, B. The grade points earned, according to grades scored, will be: 4, 3, 4, 2 and 3.

So the GPA of that student for that semester would be:

As you can see, calculating GPA requires summing up the necessary numbers and to compute their mean value. Most colleges and universities have a different GPA system but most adopt the 4.0 scale. The procedure and mechanics for calculating GPA are generally the same, although the assignations and values of grade points sometimes differ.

On the other hand, some schools also take into account the unit value of the subject for not all courses will have the same level of difficulty. Credit-hour weighted GPA is thus computed as such:

For sure, your GPA will matter a lot when you set your goal for further studies in college or in graduate school. A high GPA score may even help you land a good job. This is the primary reason in calculating GPA. None other than to aim for a high score for academic excellence, but to ensure a good career and a good future.

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